Contact: Dr. Heinrich C. Kuhn
Document created: 2007-02-21
Last update: 2007-02-27
Dall'Asta, Matthias (ed.)
Dörner, Gerald (coed.)
Band III, 1514-1517
Stuttgart-Bad Cannstadt [frommann-holzboog] 2007
LXXIII, 595 pp. ISBN: 978-3-7728-1985-8
Series:Johannes Reuchlin: Briefwechsel (Herausgegeben von der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften in Zusammenarbeit mit der Stadt Pforzheim) ; 3
Price: EUR 128
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This title was reviewed by: Manuela Kahle of "Seminar für Geistesgeschichte und Philosophie der Renaissance (LMU München)"
Item arrived at GGREN on: 2007-01-10
Review was finished on: 2007-02-27
Johannes Reuchlin — Briefwechsel 1514 - 1517 is the third of four volumes of the critical edition of Reuchlin's correspondence by the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften. Volume one covers 38 years of Reuchlin's life in 140 letters and documents from his academic education to the 50th year of his life 1477-1505. The second volume presents "humanistic" and "official" correspondence from 1506-1513, during Reuchlin's judgeship for the Schwäbische Bund and the Judenbücherstreit in 239 letters and documents.
Volume three contains the critical edition of 90 letters from and to Reuchlin during the juridical and publicistic discussion relating to Reuchlin's "Augenspiegel". It reflects, according to the introduction, the movement and process of the "Augenspiegel" lawsuit from Speyer to Rome, the conflict with his adversary Jakob Hoogstraeten as well as the resulting publicistic quarrel. Further more it provides information on Reuchlin's cabalistic studies that culminated in printing De arte cabalistica in 1517.
According to Matthias Dall`Asta's and Gerald Dörner's Vorwort (preface) (p. V) they couldn't, despite further research in the Vatican Secret Archives (Archivio Secreto Vaticano), the Archives of the Congregation for the doctrine of the Faith (Congregatio pro doctrina fidei) and other archives, find any unknown letters or documents of this time. Under the 90 letters of this volume just one remained heretofore unpublished, Reuchlin's letter to Johannes Cuspinian and Jakob Spiegel in May 1514 (Ep. 240).
Other documents, like the letter of Markus Gröning (Ep. 291) that was published in 1922 by Joseph Schlecht, found their way into this critical edition, completing the correspondence, in addition to four texts at the Appendix of the book:
The edited letters or documents are mostly in Latin. One letter is in Greek, one is completely another partly in Hebrew, and some documents are in German. Each of them is printed completely and in original languages.
The editors' Einleitung (Introduction) (pp. XI-LXXI) provides information on the letters and manuscripts in the form of chronological and factual information on the history of the conflict before and during the lawsuit. It describes briefly the beginning of the discussion that started with Reuchlin's expert opinion that argued against the destruction of Jewish books. The reaction on it in the "Handtspiegel" of Johannes Pfefferkorn and Reuchlin's answer in his "Augenspiegel" intensified the debate and initiated a legal proceeding against the "Augenspiegel" in Mainz. Jakob Hoogstraeten in his position as inquisitor of the archdiocese of Mainz, Köln and Trier conducted the lawsuit and tried to reach a prompt result against Reuchlin.
Johannes Reuchlin contacted Pope Leo X. for assistance and Pope Leo authorised the bishops of Speyer and Worms to investigate and conduct the further lawsuit. So the process moved to Speyer in 1513 as documented in volume two.
Reuchlin won the process in Speyer in 1514 but Hoogstraeten didn't accept the decision. Hoogatraeten asked the Pope as well as the theological faculty at the Paris University for assistance. The University asked the French King Ludwig XII. for his support in the process.
The discussion now wasn't about Jewish books any more; it was a political affair between the King Ludwig XII. and the Emperor Maximilian I..
Connected to this conflict is a publicistic debate of the participants. An overview of their main arguments and its progress is given. Furthermore, there is a short introduction into Reuchlin's cabalistic research.
A second part of the introduction deals with textual sources and covers detailed information about manuscripts and previous editions of the letters and documents.
Pp. LXXII - LXXIII give a timetable of 31 Reuchlin letters from 1514 to 1517.
Pp. 1-4 list the edited material of volume three in the following order: number of the letter, correspondent, place, date; the appendices 1 to 4 as follows: number of the appendix, title of the document, place and date of the document.
Pp. 5-481 is the edition of the 90 letters from and to Reuchlin. For each of these items are given:
Pp. 483-511 contain the 4 appendices. For each of these items there are:
Pp. 512-522 list abbreviations.
Pp. 523-538 give sources used for this edition, ordered by
Pp. 539-557 give a bibliography of the literature used.
Pp. 558-595 contain the registers:
The texts (letters and documents) of the edition are given in full length and original language (Latin, Hebrew, Greek or German). They are elaborately worked out with reference to earlier editions (for example, letter 232, p. 7: Regest: Reuchlin: Briefwechsel, ed. Geiger, Nr. CLXXVIII, S. 209f. - entnommen: Geiger, Ludwig: Johann Reuchlins Briefwechsel. Gesammelt und herausgegeben, Stuttgart 1875.), and a useful critical apparatus and - if possible - the use of new material and sources.
The commentaries and notes of the edition are comprehensive. The Commentaries provide a lot of details to the content of the letters or documents. The notes contribute facts fostering a better understanding of the letters and documents with the help of references to literature, history etc..
This volume is, like the volumes before, a further step to a comprehensive new and full edition of the Reuchlin correspondence. Till now, it covers sixty-two years of Reuchlin's life and work through his correspondence. It is useful for all scholars dealing with Johannes Reuchlin in general, Reuchlin's correspondence in particular and also with German Humanism, philology, Hebrew traditions or 16th century history. This edition has to be noticed in every scholarly work on Johannes Reuchlin and his context.
The volume is available at a high but normal price.
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Author1: Reuchlin, Johannes Author2: Dall'Asta, Matthias (ed.) Author3: Dörner, Gerald (coed.) main Title: Briefwechsel subtitle: Band III, 1514-1517 series: Johannes Reuchlin: Briefwechsel (Herausgegeben von der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften in Zusammenarbeit mit der Stadt Pforzheim) ; 3 place of publ.: Stuttgart-Bad Cannstadt publisher: frommann-holzboog year: 2007 no of pages etc.: LXXIII, 595 pp. ISBN: 978-3-7728-1985-8 currency: EUR price: 128