Franciscus Patricius multiplex

Counting what may count regionally:
The Presence of Prints of Works by Frane Petrić in German Libraries


Author: Dr. Heinrich C. Kuhn


Preprint, Paper to be published: Acts of the 2002 conference "Days of Frane Petrić". I'll provide more detailed bibliographical information as soon as possible.


Nota bene: I gave thumbnail-pictures for the diagrams/graphics in this electronic version of this paper. Following/"klicking" the links indicated by these thumbnai images will lead you to a high-resolution version of each of the diagrams

Nota bene etiam: I did not change the content of this paper after december 20th 2002; thus some of the links to "external" documents might be outdated … .


Document created: 2003-05-11
Last update: 2003-05-11

Counting what may count regionally:

The Presence of Prints of Works by Frane Petrić in German Libraries

Introduction:

Frane Petrić (Francesco Patrizi da Cherso, Franciscus Patricius) is a rather special Philosopher under more than one aspect: his thought as expressed in his works is fascinating enough to make him an intensely studied philosopher [1] and the diversity and varietas of his opus is reflected in the diversity and varietas of the themes of the studies dedicated to him. Moreover: diversity and varietas can also be found in the reception of his thought as documented by the presence of his works in various libraries.

One way of considering the influence and the impact of a philosopher and his texts is to read and analyse the works of those who read his texts or texts influenced by him . [2]

Another way of investigating the influence and the impact of a philosopher's works is to measure his impact on the repositories that are seminal for probably a good part of his reception by readers and authors: libraries. To study the presence of the works by a certain author in libraries can lead to insights concerning his potential reception by potential readers.

The second approach should not be seen as a prerequisite nor as a substitute for the first one, but it can sometimes lead us to insights we might not have gained without its use. As obviously it is not possible to check and analyse all of the texts which might perhaps cite works by Frane Petrić and as it is even less possible to take into account all of the texts which might be directly or indirectly influenced by his thought without citing his works, a bibliometric approach which provides us with some information about some of the potential "hidden" impact of Petrić's thought might be welcome.

Moreover: Petrić himself did welcome the counting and enumeration of philosophical works: After his praise for Hermippus Callimachus of Smyrna, Andronikos of Rhodos and Adrastus Aphrodiseus he writes : [3]

Diogenes quoque Laertius non parum laboribus in id contulit; ut scilicet præter Aristotelis mores, actiones, fortunas, etiam libros eius enumeraret, eorum quoque librorum versus numeraret . [4]

Although even with today's electronic tools doing such a thing is not possible without non parum laboribus this papers investigates the "material impact" (and thus a good part of the potential hidden influence and reception) of the works of Frane Petrić in Germany by analysing the presence of his works in German libraries using the data available via the German library union catalogues . [5] One should be aware, that for various reasons the data used for such studies in most cases will be far from perfect . [6] But, at least in my view at least part of the results gained from that data are remarkable.

German data as compared to United Kingdom data:

The first question I asked myself was whether the results of analysing the sample obtained via the German catalogues might be regarded perhaps as "transferable" to other countries. Comparisons between the German data and data obtained from the British COPAC database show, that the library holdings of works by Frane Petrić in Germany and in the United Kingdom differ considerably : [7] This becomes at once obvious when having a look at the number of specimens available in both countries of various editions of Petrić's works:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 1

(Diagram 1: Works and editions in libraries in Germany and the UK)

The look at the distribution of the specimens over the broad subjects of the works written by Petrić probably gives an even better impression of the differences between both groups of holdings:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 2

(Diagram 2: Comparison Germany/UK: Specimens according to subjects)

And even if in the case of Petrić's works on mathematics (the only case in which the percentages for the items available in German an in British libraries are roughly equal) the distribution of the single editions is quite dissimilar:

Title Year of publication Country Number of copies
Philosophiae de rerum natura libri 2 priores 1587 Germany 1
Philosophiae de rerum natura libri 2 priores 1587 United Kingdom 2
De spacio physico et mathematico 1996 Germany 4
De spacio physico et mathematico 1996 United Kingdom 3
Della nuova Geometria libri XV 1587 Germany 2
Della nuova Geometria libri XV 1587 United Kingdom 4

(Table 1: Comparison Germany/UK: Specimens of books on mathematics according to edition)

Analysis of the data obtained from the German catalogues:

Most of the rest of this paper deals with the 44 editions and 265 copies of works by Frane Petrić for which information is available from the German union catalogues . [8] The distribution of the years of publication of the 57 editions [9] found in the German catalogues plus COPAC is remarkable: From 1553 to 1611 12 years is the maximum time to elapse between two editions of Petrić's works; there are 28 editions in this group. Then there is a gap, 1643 being the next year from which there is an edition in the sample; there are 6 editions from 1643 to 1699. The four 18th century editions present in the catalogues used for this paper are published between 1722 and 1735. Then there is nothing at all up to 1953, and there are 19 editions between 1953 and 1999. I.e.: the reception of Frane Petrić as reflected by the publication dates of the editions of his works present in the main German electronic catalogues is far from continuous and anything but uninterrupted. The distribution of the copies in German libraries over the chronological groups is as follows:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 3

(Diagram 3: Distribution of copies over chronological groups of editions)

I.E.: In spite of the losses that most probably occurred over the centuries: almost as many copies from the first group (1553 to 1611 editions) are present in German libraries as are from the last group (post 1953 editions), and taken together the copies of "old" editions outnumber the modern ones. Assuming that most (if not all) of the old editions will have entered Germany before recent times , [10] this result is testimony for a considerable early popularity of Petrić's works in Germany . [11]

For the editions up to 1735 the distribution of the numbers of copies according to the single works (not editions ) [12] is as follows:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 4

(Diagram 4: Works in pre1736 editions: number of copies)

If we further "condense" the data and have a look at the subjects these works deal with, we obtain the following result:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 5

(Diagram 5: Works in pre1736 editions: number of copies according to subject)

The Discussiones peripateticae lead the field (as might perhaps have been expected - given their impressive scholarship and their bold, innovative and comprehensive presentation and discussion of aristotelian philosophy in a time when Aristotle still was the major author in philosophy education at many [if not even most or all] European universities). Next, however, comes the field of studies in military history and military theory - texts which nowadays are seldom - if ever - studied by Petrić scholars; perhaps their prominence in the earlier German "material" impact of the works by Petrić might give an occasion to have a more intense look at them and their possible reception . [13]

Here are the corresponding diagrams for the 1953sqq editions:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 6

(Diagram 6: Works in 1953sqq editions: number of copies)

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 7

(Diagram 7: Works in 1953sqq editions: number of copies according to subject)

As can been seen from these diagrams: The German libraries' post1952 Frane Petrić is first of all the translator of Pseudo-Philoponos's commentary on metaphysics , [14] and then an author of works on rhetoric and poetics, whereas the German libraries "older" Frane Petrić is first of all the author of the Discussiones peripateticæ, and then an author on military subjects and on history viz. historiography: the profiles of these two Frane Petrićs, the post1953sqq one and the "older" one as measured by the number of copies documented in the data used for this study are rather distinct.

As those using the German libraries (and their catalogues used for this study) of course can (and hopefully will) use both the new and the old editions of Petrić's works: here is a comprehensive overview for both groups of editions, first according to work and then according to subject, which may give an impression of the "accumulated profile" of the impact of the texts by Petrić on German libraries : [15]

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 8

(Diagram 8: Works in German libraries: number of copies and group of editions)

I.E.: The German libraries' Frane Petrić is (if you leave aside his role as translator of Pseudo-Philoponos), as one might perhaps have expected, first of all the author of the Discussiones peripateticæ, of Della historia and of the Nova de universis philosophia, but he also is quite prominently - as one might perhaps not have expected - the author of the Militia romana.

Here is the corresponding diagram for the subjects:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 9

(Diagram 9: Subjects of works in German libraries: number of copies and group of edition)

Some further questions can be asked and answered:

Part of the editions of Petrić's works are either translations or contain translations. How about the impact of these translations? For the editions of works by Petrić we have on average 6 copies represented in the data from German libraries; for the translations and bilingual editions we have on average 4.6 copies represented in that data. However: for the Latin translation of La militia romana we have 14 copies and for the Latin translation of Della historia we have 11 copies: Translations of works by Petrić may have had a greater importance once than they have now.

If we look at the data for the reprints, we get the following results:

Work Place Year Number of copies
Ps.-Philoponus Ex. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Stuttgart- Bad Cannstatt 1991 39
Discussiones peripateticae Köln 1999 14
Della retorica Lecce 1994 11
Nova de universis philosophia Zagreb 1979 5
Della historia Pula 1980 3
Della historia München 1971 3
Della retorica Pula 1983 2
Ps.-Philoponus Ex. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Oxford 1981 1

(Table 2: Copies of reprints German libraries)
I.e.: at least some of these reprints did have a considerable impact.

Comparisons to citation data:

However: the question whether and to which degree the profile(s) of the impact of Frane Petrić as measured by the copies of his works represented in the data available via the German library union catalogues plus the Die Deutsche Bibliothek catalogue is similar or dissimilar to the profile(s) of the impact of Frane Petrić on those who read him seems to be more interesting and more important than any questions concerning the amount of copies of translations or reprints of his works. Unfortunately there is no viable road to measuring of the impact of Frane Petrić on those who read him. Decisions about whether to judge a certain text influenced by a certain other text often are not possible without some degree of arbitrariness. Part of what is read is read via secondary literature, without direct access to the original text. Many acts of reading leave no definite traces at all. Citing (and probably also quoting) a certain text does not require previous reading of that text . [16]

And even if citations could serve as reliable indicators for reading (and I suggest to assume that they cannot): presently (and probably for a long time to come) we have no repository from which to gather all (or even most) of the existing citations of works by Frane Petrić. However: we have the ISI citation databases that provide information about the texts cited in articles from journals with a rather broad diffusion . [17] In the Arts & humanities citation index (AHCI) database for the years 1975 to 1998 I retrieved the records for articles citing works by Petrić ;. [18] For the 101 (of totally 159) citations for which I was able to identify the edition cited, the distribution according to "popularity" was as follows:

Title Year of publication Place Publisher Number of citations
Discvssionvm peripateticarum tomi IV: quibus Aristotelicae philosophiae universa historia atque dogmata cum veterum placitis collata, eleganter & erudite declarantur 1581 Basilea ad Perneam Lecythum 12
Lettere ed Opuscoli inediti 1975 Firenze Nella Sede dell'Istituto Palazzo Strozzi 11
Nova de universis philosophia: in qua Aristotelica methodo, non per motum, sed per lucem, et lumina, ad primam causam ascenditur. Deinde propria Patritii methodo, tota in contemplationem venit divinitas. postremo methodo Platonica, rerum univeritas, a con 1591 Ferrariae Mamarellus 11
Della historia diece dialoghi: ne'quali si ragiona di tutte le cose appartenenti all' historia 1560 Venetia Arrivabene 9
Della poetica 1969-1971 Firenze Ist. naz. di studi sul rinascimento 8
Della retorica: dieci dialoghi 1562 Venetia Senese 8
Della Poetica: la Deca disputata nella quale e per istoria 1586 Ferrara Baldini 7
L'amorosa filosofia 1963 Firenze Le Monnier 7
Della nuova Geometria libri XV 1587 Ferrara Baldinus 5
La citta felice 1553 Venetia G. Griffio 5
Philosophiae de rerum natura libri 2 priores 1587 Ferraria Victor. Baldinus 4
Expositiones in Aristotelis (Metaphysicam) [[Ps.-Philoponus]] 1583 Ferrariae Marmarellus 3
Discussionum Peripateticarum Tomi 1, Libri 13 1571 Venetiis   3
Paralleli militari: Ne' quali si fa paragone delle milizie antiche, in tutte le parti loro, con le moderne 1594 Roma Appresso Luigi Zannetti 2
La Militia Romana di Polibio, di Tito Livio, e di Dionigi Alicarnaseo 1583 Ferrara Mamarelli 2
Risposta ... a due opposizioni fattegli dal Sig. Giacopo Mazzoni 1587 Ferrara Appresso Vittorio Baldini 2
Apologia contra calumnias J. Angelutii ejusque novæ sententiæ, quod Metaphysica eadem sint quæ Physica 1584 Ferrariae   2
Expositiones in omnes XIV Aristotelis libros metaphysicos [Ps.-Philoponus] 1991 Stuttgart- Bad Cannstatt Frommann-Holzboog 2
Magia philosophica: Hoc est est Francisci Patricii summi philosophi Zoroaster & eius 320. oracula Chaldaica. Asclepii dialogus. & philosophia magna 1593 Hamburgi Wolff 1
Della retorica: dieci dialoghi 1994 Lecce Conte 1
Nova de universis philosophia: libris 50 comprehensa ; in qua Aristotelica methodo ... ad primam causam ascenditur 1593 Venetiis Meiettus 1
Elementa theologica et physica 1583 Ferrariae apud Dominicum Mamarellum 1
Mystica Aegyptiorum et Chaldaeorum: a Platone voce tradita, et ab Aristotele excepta et conscripta philosophia edente Francisco Patricio 1591 Ferrara Ex typographia B. Mammarelli 1
Trimerone: risposta a Torquato Tasso, che è parte del decimo libro della Deca disputata di F. Patrizi 1724 no PP in record no PU in record 1

(Table 3: Editions cited in AHCI 1975-1998)

If we have a look at the distribution of these citations according to the four chronological groups of editions, there is no single citation for one of the 1643-1699 editions and the result for the other three groups is as follows:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 10

(Diagram 10: Number of citations according to chronological group of editions)

If we exclude those of the editions for which there are reprints available, the result is as follows:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 11

(Diagram 11: Number of citations according to chronological group of editions [excluding editions for which reprints exist!])

I.E.: The role of reprints for the AHCI citations of works by Petrić may very well be considerable , [19] but the importance of the "old" editions still remains considerable too (at least for the articles citing Petrić and indexed in the AHCI for 1975 to 1998).

Grouping the citations from AHCI according to the works cited, we get the following results:

Link to high-resolution version of Diagram 12

(Diagram 12: Number of citations per work)

I.e.: The work with most citations is Della poetica, followed by the Nova de universis philosophia, the Discussiones peripateticae are in third place. This result is remarkable, as it differs considerable from the frequencies of copies in the German libraries (· where the five most "popular" works are ♦ Ps.-Philoponus Ex. in Arist. Metaph. [47 copies], ♦ Discussiones peripateticae [44 copies], ♦ Della historia [25 copies], ♦ La militia romana [23 copies], ♦ and the Nova de universis philosophia [23 copies], · viz., if we consider only the "modern" editions: ♦ Ps.-Philoponus Ex. in Arist. Metaph. [40 copies], ♦ Della retorica [16 copies], ♦ Della poetica [15 copies], Discussiones peripateticæ [14 copies], ♦ and L'amorosa filosofia [9 copies]).

And that is remarkable as well as it is still significantly different from, but also considerably closer to the frequencies of copies in the United Kingdom libraries, where the six most popular works are: ♦ Della poetica [16 copies], ♦ Nova de universis philosophia [10 copies], ♦ Discussiones peripateticae [10 copies], ♦ Ps.-Zoroaster et al.: Magia philosophica [9 copies], ♦ Della historia [9 copies] and ♦ Della retorica [9 copies]. It is, however, quite different the distributions of the frequencies of the 1953sqq editions of Petrić's works in the U.K. libraries . [20]

Some conclusions (and reflections on these conclusions) are possible from this:

The profile of the distribution of citations retrieved from the Arts & humanities citation index (AHCI) for the years 1975 to 1998 is strikingly similar to the profile of the distribution of the frequency of copies in the United Kingdom libraries. This is not due to an overwhelming predominance of material from English language publications in the sample from AHCI: 27 of the papers that cite works by Petrić are in English (1 of them perhaps a translation from the Italian), 26 of the articles are in Italian, 13 of them are in French (2 of them perhaps translations from the Italian), 7 are in German, 1 is in Polish and 1 is in Spanish.

The profile of the distribution of citations retrieved from the Arts & humanities citation index (AHCI) for the years 1975 to 1998 is strikingly dissimilar to the profile of the distribution of the frequency of copies in the German libraries . [21] Thus the holdings of the German libraries give testimony of an (at least material) reception of Petrić's works that is different from the reception of his works as documented by both the distribution of the frequencies of citations in the data from the AHCI-database and the distribution of the frequencies of copies in the United Kingdom. Therefore it may be assumed, that the data obtained from the German cataloguing databases is not another means to reach the same conclusions concerning the impact of Petrić's works that can be obtained by other means, but that this German libraries' holdings data is an indicator of receptions of works by Petrić that are different from other receptions of his works.

The reception(s) of Petrić indicated by the data obtained from the German cataloguing databases might be a case of a special "regional" reception of Petrić which is not (yet) visible by the use of other means. It might be worthwhile to have a look a other cases of such "regional" receptions which might as well turn out to be "special" receptions (perhaps especially Italy and Croatia might be interesting cases).

Conclusions:

The use of bibliometrical data, and especially the use of data concerning library holdings is just one approach amongst several possible approaches to find out about the impact of an author and his thought . [22] But it is an approach from which insights can be gathered, that are not obtainable by other means. Inter alia the following results were gained by the use of bibliographical data pertaining to works by Petrić (retrieved from the main German cataloguing databases, COPAC and AHCI):

There are regional differences of the impact of Petrić's works. At least in his case it is not possible to transfer conclusions from results obtained for one geographical area of his influence to other such geographic areas without previous checks. The impact of his works in Germany (as measured by the bibliographical data retrieved from the cataloguing databases) is quite dissimilar to the impact measurable using the United Kingdom COPAC and the AHCI. It is probable, that this data indicates, that there were (and possibly are) receptions of Petrić in Germany (or at least profiles of such receptions) that are not parallel to the profiles of his reception elsewhere.

The number of copies of the editions of Petrić's works published up to 1611 in the German libraries is almost equal to the number of copies of the 1953sqq editions (whereas there are far fewer copies of the 1643 to 1735 editions). The degree of contemporary (or almost contemporary) reception of works by Petrić is considerable. The pre1736 reception in Germany (at least according to the data used here) focuses primarily on the Discussiones peripateticæ, the La milita romana, the Della historia, the Nova de universis philosophia (with, however, only a bit more than half of the number of copies of the Discussiones peripateticæ) and the translations from the Greek. Especially the reception of Petrić's "military" texts in Germany might be a "regional speciality" meriting further study. The same might hold true for the Discussiones peripateticæ. For the 1953sqq editions there is [23] a shift towards rhetoric and poetics.


Appendix A: Table of works by Frane Petrić catalogued in the Germany union databases (plus DDB) and in COPAC

Year of publication Work Title Place Publisher Reprint
1553 La città felice La citta felice Venetia G. Griffio no
1560 Della historia Della historia diece dialoghi: ne'quali si ragiona di tutte le cose appartenenti all' historia Venetia Arrivabene no
1562 Della retorica Della retorica: dieci dialoghi Venetia Senese no
1570 Della historia De legendae scribendaequae historiae ratione dialogi 10 Basileae Per Sixtum Henricpetri no
1571 Discussiones peripateticae Discussionum Peripateticarum Tomi 1, Libri 13 Venetiis   no
1572 Discussiones peripateticae Discussionum peripateticarum libri 13 Venetia apud Dominicum de Franciscis no
1576 Della historia De legendae scribendaequae [sic] Historiæ ratione Dialogi decem no PP in record no PU in record no
1579 Della historia De legendae scribendaequae [sic] Historiæ ratione Dialogi decem no PP in record no PU in record no
1581 Discussiones peripateticae Discvssionvm peripateticarum tomi IV: quibus Aristotelicae philosophiae universa historia atque dogmata cum veterum placitis collata, eleganter & erudite declarantur Basilea ad Perneam Lecythum no
1583 La militia romana La Militia Romana di Polibio, di Tito Livio, e di Dionigi Alicarnaseo Ferrara Mamarelli no
1583 Proclus: Elementa theologica et physica [Translation from the Greek] Elementa theologica et physica Ferrariae apud Dominicum Mamarellum no
1583 Ps.-Philoponus Rx. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Expositiones in Aristotelis (Metaphysicam) Ferrariae Marmarellus no
1584 Apologia contra calumnias J. Angelutii Apologia contra calumnias J. Angelutii ejusque novæ sententiæ, quod Metaphysica eadem sint quæ Physica Ferrariae   no
1585 In difesa dell'Ariosto Parere ... in difesa dell'Ariosto no PP in record no PU in record no
1586 In difesa dell'Ariosto Parere ... in difesa dell'Ariosto no PP in record no PU in record no
1586 Della poetica Della Poetica: la Deca disputata nella quale e per istoria Ferrara Baldini no
1587 Risposta ... Giacopo Mazzini Risposta ... a due opposizioni fattegli dal Sig. Giacopo Mazzoni Ferrara Appresso Vittorio Baldini no
1587 Della nuova Geometria Della nuova Geometria libri XV Ferrara Baldinus no
1587 De rerum natura Philosophiae de rerum natura libri 2 priores Ferraria Victor. Baldinus no
1591 Oracula Chaldaica [Traslation from the Greek] Zoroaster et ejus CCCXX oracula Chaldaica: Ejus opera e tenebris eruta et latine reddita Ferrara   no
1591 Hermes Trismegistos: Opera [Translation from the Greek] Libelli integri XX Ferrariae Ex typographia B. Mammarelli no
1591 Nova de universis philosophia Nova de universis philosophia: in qua Aristotelica methodo, non per motum, sed per lucem, et lumina, ad primam causam ascenditur. Deinde propria Patritii methodo, tota in contemplationem venit divinitas. postremo methodo Platonica, rerum univeritas, a conditore Deo deducitur Ferrariae Mamarellus no
1591 Theologia aristotelis [Translation from the Greek] Mystica Aegyptiorum et Chaldaeorum: a Platone voce tradita, et ab Aristotele excepta et conscripta philosophia edente Francisco Patricio Ferrara Ex typographia B. Mammarelli no
1593 Nova de universis philosophia Nova de universis philosophia: libris 50 comprehensa ; in qua Aristotelica methodo ... ad primam causam ascenditur Venetiis Meiettus no
1593 Ps.-Zoroaster et al.: Magia philosophica [Translations from the Greek] Magia philosophica: Hoc est est Francisci Patricii summi philosophi Zoroaster & eius 320. oracula Chaldaica. Asclepii dialogus. & philosophia magna Hamburgi Wolff no
1594 Paralleli militari Paralleli militari: Ne' quali si fa paragone delle milizie antiche, in tutte le parti loro, con le moderne Roma Appresso Luigi Zannetti no
1606 Paralleli militari Paralleli militari Roma Facciotto no
1611 Hermes Trismegistos: Opera [Translation from the Greek] Hermetis Trismegisti opuscula: cum fragmentis quotquot reperiuntur, ordine scientifico disposita, et scholiis perutilibus illustrata. Item Asclepii discipuli, tres libelli. Quibus sunt adiecta. Zorastri oracula CCCXX. ex Platonicis collecta . Mystica Aegiptiorum a Platone dictata ... Londini R. Field no
1643 Della retorica Dieci dialoghi delle retorica s.l.   no
1644 Della retorica Della Retorica dieci Dialoghi: nelli quali si favella dell'arte oratoria con ragioni repugnanti all'openione, che intorno a quella hebbero gli antichi scrittori no PP in record no PU in record no
1652 Hermes Trismegistos: Opera [Translation from the Greek] Sesthien boeken van Hermes Trismegistus: uyt het Griecx ghebracht in ons Neder-duytsch / met eene schoone Voor-rede uyt het Latijn van Franciscus Patricius T'Amstelredam Pieter La Burgh no
1680 Ps.-Zoroaster et al.: Magia philosophica [Translations from the Greek] Zoroaster et ejus 320 oracula Chaldaica Labacy Mayr no
1694 La militia romana Res Militaris Romana no PP in record no PU in record no
1699 La militia romana Res militaris Romana Trajecti ad Rhenum Halma, vander Aa no
1722 In difesa dell'Ariosto Parere ... in difesa dell'Ariosto no PP in record no PU in record no
1724 In difesa dell'Ariosto Parere ... in difesa dell'Ariosto no PP in record no PU in record no
1724 Della poetica: Risposta a T. Tasso Trimerone: risposta a Torquato Tasso, che è parte del decimo libro della Deca disputata di F. Patrizi no PP in record no PU in record no
1735 La militia romana Res Militaris Romana Venetiis Javarina no
1953 Della retorica Garin, Eugenio (ed.): Testi umanistici su la retorica Roma Bocca no
1963 L'amorosa filosofia L'amorosa filosofia Firenze Le Monnier no
1965 Pagine scelte Pagine scelte Padova Liviana no
1969-1971 Della Poetica Della poetica Firenze Ist. naz. di studi sul rinascimento no
1971 Della historia Theoretiker humanistischer Geschichtsschreibung: Nachdr. exemplar. Texte aus d. 16. Jahrhundert, München Fink yes
1975 Lettere ed opuscoli Lettere ed Opuscoli inediti Firenze Nella Sede dell'Istituto Palazzo Strozzi no
1979 Nova de universis philosophia Nova sveopīca filozofija Zagreb Sveucilisna Naklada Liber yes
1979 Della historia The true order and methode of wryting and reading hystories Amsterdam Theatrum Orbis Terrarum yes
1980 Della historia Deset dijaloga o povijesti Pula Cakavski Sabor yes
1981 Ps.-Philoponus Ex. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Expositiones in Aristotelis (Metaphysicam) Oxford Oxford Microform Publ. yes
1983 Della retorica Deset dijaloga o retorici Pula Cakav. Sabor yes
1989 Oracula Chaldaica [Traslation from the Greek] The Chaldæan oracles Gillette Haptangle no
1991 Ps.-Philoponus Rx. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Expositiones in omnes XIV Aristotelis libros metaphysicos Stuttgart- Bad Cannstatt Frommann-Holzboog yes
1993 La città felice Sretan grad Zagreb DTP Centar no
1994 Della retorica Della retorica: dieci dialoghi Lecce Conte yes
1996 De spacio physico et mathematico De spacio physico et mathematico Paris Vrin no
1996 La città felice Campanella, T.: La città del sole Genova Marietti no
1998 Izabrani politicki spisi Izabrani politicki spisi Zagreb Golden Marketing no
1999 Discussiones peripateticae Discussiones peripateticae Köln Böhlau yes

Appendix B: Table of editions of works by Frane Petrić catalogued in the Germany union databases (pus DDB): List with indication of the number of copies [24]

Work Title Year of publication Place Publisher Number of copies
Ps.-Philoponus Exp. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Expositiones in omnes XIV Aristotelis libros metaphysicos 1991 Stuttgart- Bad Cannstatt Frommann-Holzboog 39
Discussiones peripateticae Discvssionvm peripateticarum tomi IV: quibus Aristotelicae philosophiae universa historia atque dogmata cum veterum placitis collata, eleganter & erudite declarantur 1581 Basilea ad Perneam Lecythum 22
Della Poetica Della poetica 1969-1971 Firenze Ist. naz. di studi sul rinascimento 15
Discussiones peripateticae Discussiones peripateticae 1999 Köln Böhlau 14
Ps.-Zoroaster et al.: Magia philosophica [Translations from the Greek] Magia philosophica: Hoc est est Francisci Patricii summi philosophi Zoroaster & eius 320. oracula Chaldaica. Asclepii dialogus. & philosophia magna 1593 Hamburgi Wolff 12
La militia romana Res militaris Romana 1699 Trajecti ad Rhenum Halma, vander Aa 12
Nova de universis philosophia Nova de universis philosophia: libris 50 comprehensa ; in qua Aristotelica methodo ... ad primam causam ascenditur 1593 Venetiis Meiettus 11
Della historia De legendae scribendaequae historiae ratione dialogi 10 1570 Basileae Per Sixtum Henricpetri 11
Della retorica Della retorica: dieci dialoghi 1994 Lecce Conte 11
La militia romana La Militia Romana di Polibio, di Tito Livio, e di Dionigi Alicarnaseo 1583 Ferrara Mamarelli 9
L'amorosa filosofia L'amorosa filosofia 1963 Firenze Le Monnier 9
Lettere ed opuscoli Lettere ed Opuscoli inediti 1975 Firenze Nella Sede dell'Istituto Palazzo Strozzi 8
Della historia Della historia diece dialoghi: ne'quali si ragiona di tutte le cose appartenenti all' historia 1560 Venetia Arrivabene 8
Ps.-Philoponus Exp. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Expositiones in Aristotelis (Metaphysicam) 1583 Ferrariae Marmarellus 7
Nova de universis philosophia Nova de universis philosophia: in qua Aristotelica methodo, non per motum, sed per lucem, et lumina, ad primam causam ascenditur. Deinde propria Patritii methodo, tota in contemplationem venit divinitas. postremo methodo Platonica, rerum univeritas, a con 1591 Ferrariae Mamarellus 7
Della poetica Della Poetica: la Deca disputata nella quale e per istoria 1586 Ferrara Baldini 6
Proclus: Elementa theologica et physica [Translation from the Greek] Elementa theologica et physica 1583 Ferrariae apud Dominicum Mamarellum 5
Nova de universis philosophia Nova sveopīca filozofija 1979 Zagreb Sveucilisna Naklada Liber 5
Discussiones peripateticae Discussionum Peripateticarum Tomi 1, Libri 13 1571 Venetiis   5
De spacio physico et mathematico De spacio physico et mathematico 1996 Paris Vrin 4
Della historia Deset dijaloga o povijesti 1980 Pula Cakavski Sabor 3
Paralleli militari Paralleli militari: Ne' quali si fa paragone delle milizie antiche, in tutte le parti loro, con le moderne 1594 Roma Appresso Luigi Zannetti 3
Pagine scelte Pagine scelte 1965 Padova Liviana 3
Della historia Theoretiker humanistischer Geschichtsschreibung: Nachdr. exemplar. Texte aus d. 16. Jahrhundert, 1971 München Fink 3
Della retorica Garin, Eugenio (ed.): Testi umanistici su la retorica 1953 Roma Bocca 3
Hermes Trismegistos: Opera [Translation from the Greek] Sesthien boeken van Hermes Trismegistus: uyt het Griecx ghebracht in ons Neder-duytsch / met eene schoone Voor-rede uyt het Latijn van Franciscus Patricius 1652 T'Amstelredam Pieter La Burgh 3
Discussiones peripateticae Discussionum peripateticarum libri 13 1572 Venetia apud Dominicum de Franciscis 3
Della retorica Della retorica: dieci dialoghi 1562 Venetia Senese 3
Della nuova Geometria Della nuova Geometria libri XV 1587 Ferrara Baldinus 2
Della retorica Deset dijaloga o retorici 1983 Pula Cakav. Sabor 2
La città felice La citta felice 1553 Venetia G. Griffio 2
La città felice Sretan grad 1993 Zagreb DTP Centar 2
La militia romana Res Militaris Romana 1735 Venetiis Javarina 2
Izabrani politicki spisi Izabrani politicki spisi 1998 Zagreb Golden Marketing 1
Della retorica Dieci dialoghi delle retorica 1643 s.l.   1
De rerum natura Philosophiae de rerum natura libri 2 priores 1587 Ferraria Victor. Baldinus 1
Theologia aristotelis [Translation from the Greek] Mystica Aegyptiorum et Chaldaeorum: a Platone voce tradita, et ab Aristotele excepta et conscripta philosophia edente Francisco Patricio 1591 Ferrara Ex typographia B. Mammarelli 1
Oracula Chaldaica [Traslation from the Greek] The Chaldæan oracles 1989 Gillette Haptangle 1
Oracula Chaldaica [Traslation from the Greek] Zoroaster et ejus CCCXX oracula Chaldaica: Ejus opera e tenebris eruta et latine reddita 1591 Ferrara   1
Paralleli militari Paralleli militari 1606 Roma Facciotto 1
Ps.-Philoponus Ex. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek] Expositiones in Aristotelis (Metaphysicam) 1981 Oxford Oxford Microform Publ. 1
Ps.-Zoroaster et al.: Magia philosophica [Translations from the Greek] Zoroaster et ejus 320 oracula Chaldaica 1680 Labacy Mayr 1
Risposta ... Giacopo Mazzini Risposta ... a due opposizioni fattegli dal Sig. Giacopo Mazzoni 1587 Ferrara Appresso Vittorio Baldini 1
La città felice Campanella, T.: La città del sole 1996 Genova Marietti 1


Footnotes

[1] Cf. Ivica Martinović's impressive florilegium (Ivica Martinović (ed.): Frane Petrić. - O 400. obljetnici smrti hravtskoga renesansnog filosova (= Dubrovnik, Nova serija ; 8[1997].1-3). For a bibliography of Petrić-studies from 1979 to 1997 see Ivica Martinović: "Bibliografia o Frani Petriću imeđu dviju obljetnica 1979.-1997." in: Ivica Martinović (ed.): Frane Petrić. - O 400. obljetnici smrti hravtskoga renesansnog filosova, Dubrovnik 1997 (ut supra). For Petrić's reception especially by Croat authors (from 1879 to 1992) cf. Mihaela Girardi-Karšulin: "A chronological survey of the research into the work of Frane Petrić with the Croats" in: Studia historiae philosophiae Croaticae 2.1993-2, pp. 17-43; cf. etiam the bibliography in Ljerka Schiffler: "Frane Petric- Franciscus Patricius: Od škole mišljena do slobode mišljena", Zagreb 1997, pp. 297-324 - and of course the other contributions in this volume and the journal Prilozi za istraživanje hrvatske filozofske baštine in addition to other bibliographical resources like Iter and Bibliographie internationale de l'Humanisme et de la Renaissance.
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[2] It might be worthwhile to take into consideration that quoting a certain work by a certain author does not necessarily imply that this work as actually been read: the findings of Mikhail .V. Simkin and Vwani P. Roychowdhury, that probably only 20% of those citing a certain 1973 paper in physics have actually had that paper in their hands, might very well be applicable (mutatis mutandis) to other fields as well … . See: Mikhail .V. Simkin and Vwani P. Roychowdhury: "Read before you cite!" in: http://www.arxiv.org/list/cond-mat/0212 : paper cond-mat/0212043, URL of PDF-file: http://www.arxiv.org/ftp/cond-mat/papers/0212/0212043.pdf . However: cf. etiam Johannes Stegmann's remarks on this paper (ASIS Special Interest Group on Metrics <SIGMETRICS@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU>, Mon, 16 Dec 2002 16:46:07 +0100, available at URL http://listserv.utk.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0212&L=sigmetrics&D=1&O=D&F=&S=&P=3340 viz. http://makeashorterlink.com/?D2C623FC2 )
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[3] Frane Petrić: "Discussionum Peripateticorum Tomus Primus", Basileae 1581, p. 13: Liber secundus: "Aristotelicorum Librorum enumeratio"
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[4] The bold highlighting is mine.
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[5] The catalogues were searched for the various forms in which the name of our author is found in such bibliographical databases ("Petrić, Frane", "Petric, Frane", "Patrizi, Francesco", "Patricius, Franciscus", "Patritius, Franciscus") and hits for the bishop of Gaeta and for Francesco Saverio Patrizi were discarded. The searches were made between September 30th 2002 and October 22nd 2002. I used the following German catalogues: Katalog des Südwestdeutschen Bibliotheksverbundes (SWB: URL: http://www.bsz-bw.de/CGI/cgi-bin/opacform.cgi ), OPAC des Bibliotheksverbundes Bayern (BVB: URL: http://www-opac.bib-bvb.de/ ), WWW-OPAC des Hochschulbibliothekszentrums NRW (NRW/HBZ: URL: http://apollon.hbz-nrw.de:4505/ALEPH ), Hessischer Verbundkatalog (Hebis: URL: http://webcbs.rz.uni-frankfurt.de/ ), GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog (GBV: URL: http://gso.gbv.de/ ) and OPAC der Deutschen Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main (DDB: URL: http://dbf-opac.ddb.de/ ) and for the comparison with the holdings in the U.K. the data available via COPAC (URL: http://copac.ac.uk/ ) . In the case of SWB I did not include the Bibliotheca palatina microfiche of Bodin's Methodus historica, as I was not certain whether the connection with Petrić in this case is due to the printer or the binder of the item; as the options for locating them where to uneven in the various catalogues I did include none of the following items: ♦ Joahnnes Wolf's Basle 1579 collection, ♦ Le rime di Messer Luca Contile … Con discorsi et argomenti di Francesco Patritio (Venice 1566), ♦ the dialogues on rhetorics in the 4th volume of Caro's "Degli autori del ben parlare", ♦ the "Apologia del S. Torquato Tasso". Moreover: I did not differentiate the 1586 editions of the Deca istoriale and Deca disputata as the differentiation in the catalogues was to partial to give a good basis for a differentiation in my own local database. And: in the case of COPAC I did not include items from Dublin and concentrated completely on items from the United Kingdom.
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[6] For a rather copious list of such reasons see Heinrich C. Kuhn: "Chartaceous presence, material impact: Works by Paduan Aristotelians in German libraries" in: Gregorio Piaia (ed.): La presenza dell'Aristotelismo padovano nella filosofia della prima modernità, Roma 2002, pp. 83-122, here espec. p. 86-88 (a previous version of that paper is available at URL http://www.phil-hum-ren.uni-muenchen.de/php/Kuhn/ePub/Padova00/V1/Vortrag20000904.htm [you might search in that text for "Caveats concerning the data collected by Heinrich C. Kuhn for his paper"]). If you are interested in the perhaps first use of bibliometric methods for studies on Renaissance philosophy see: Paul Richard Blum: "Der Standardkursus der katholischen Schulphilosophie im 17. Jahrhundert", in: Eckhard Keßler, Charles Lohr & Walter Sparn (edd.): Aristotelismus und Renaissance. - In memoriam Charles B. Schmitt, Wiesbaden 1988, pp. 127-148. For another example of the use of data gained from Library union catalogues see: Heinrich C. Kuhn: "Titel, Themen, Sprachen, Bücher: Latein und Deutsch in Ingolstädter Veröffentlichungen des 15. mit 18. Jahrhunderts" in: Eckhard Keßler & Heinrich C. Kuhn (edd.): Germania latina - Latinitas teutonica, Paderborn 2003 [forthcoming], also available at URL http://www.phil-hum-ren.uni-muenchen.de/GermLat/Acta/Kuhn.htm .
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[7] This is true at least for the holdings reflected by the databases used for this study at the time at which I did search these databases. A truly complete census of really all the library holdings in Germany and the U.K. might give different results - although I doubt that it would present us with a much greater similarity of the holdings.
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[8] Plus the electronic catalogue of "Die Deutsche Bibliothek" (DDB)… .
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[9] See Appendix A.
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[10] As far as my memory for proveniences serves: such an assumption should be rather valid: in those cases where I was able to gather proveneniance data the overwhelming majority of copies of 16th and 17th century editions I did see in German libraries had pre1800 German owners (although in probably most of these cases the library where these copies are found now is not the "original" owner of the items in question).
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[11] And it may very well be noted that the degree is of this "popularity" is not negligible: The research on the impact of "Paduan" authors in German libraries (done for the paper mentioned above in footnote 3: Heinrich C. Kuhn: "Chartaceous presence, material impact: Works by Paduan Aristotelians in German libraries" in: Gregorio Piaia (ed.): La presenza dell'Aristotelismo padovano nella filosofia della prima modernità, Roma 2002, pp. 83-122, here espec. pp. 91-93) yielded the following numbers for some late 16th/early 17th century authors working (like Petrić) in Northern Italy: G. Zabarella: 175 copies; F. Piccolomini: 86 copies, C. Cremonini: 42 copies, A. Mercenario: 29 copies; G. Raguseo: 8 copies.
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[12] The number of the copies per edition for both the pre1736 and the post1952 editions can be obtained from the table given in Appendix B.
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[13] As shown by Diagram 2 (above): there is no such prominent impact of this subject on the British libraries for which data was obtained. I don't know whether the "older" impact of works on military subjects is generally less prominent in U.K. libraries than in German libraries or whether this is just the case in the case of Petrić. And I don't know whether it is the German or the British profile of library holdings (or neither) that perhaps could be regarded as more or less similar to a "general" European library holdings profile for those times - if such a profile should ever have existed at all or should exist at all. We have not yet reached a state where retrospective cataloguing has been completed for most of the important holdings of most of the European libraries; thus it might be advisable to postpone trying to find answers to questions like this one.
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[14] Thanks to the 1991 Frommann-Holzboog reprint edition.
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[15] (of course limited to those that are represented in the data thanks to the cataloguing records available from them and to that part of their holdings for which there were such records available when I did the research for this paper - which, by the way, is a restriction that holds true all of the diagrams and tables found in this paper and for all of the conclusions drawn from the data, the diagrams and the tables)
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[16] Cf. footnote 2 above.
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[17] There is no restriction for cited texts, but here are no entries for citing texts that are either monographs, or conference proceedings not published as part of a journal, or volumes of collected studies, or articles in journals that lack a rather "broad" impact (e.g. because they are rather specialised [like e.g. the "Quaderni per la storia dell'università di Padova"] or publish most of their texts in languages without many millions of native speakers [like e.g. "Prilozi za istraživanje hrvatske filozofske baštine"] or that are not on ISI's list for some other, less transparent reason [like e.g. "Zeitsprünge"]). In general journals selected by ISI for their indexing apparently tend to be more or less general research journals with a certain focus on journals that publish predominantly material in English. According to ISI's information at URL http://www.isinet.com/ (then going to "Products" / "arts and Humanities Citation Index", then following the link to "1,130 of the world's leading arts & humanities journals", then selecting "View Journal List") presently (December 19th 2002) there are 1124 journals indexed for that database
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[18] Due to typographical errors stemming either from the original articles or from ISI's database most probably that retrieval was not completely complete … . (Cf. the note by Johannes Stegmann cited in footnote 2.)
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[19] Cf. etiam supra: Table 2.
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[20] although there as well the Della poetica leads the field:

Work Number of copies

Della Poetica

8

Lettere ed opuscoli

6

L'amorosa filosofia

6

Ps.-Philoponus Ex. in Arist. Metaph. [Translation from the Greek]

3

De spacio physico et mathematico

3

Izabrani politicki spisi

2

Della retorica

2

Pagine scelte

1

La città felice

1
Della historia 1


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[21] And: the distribution of the frequency of copies in the German libraries is dissimilar also to the distribution of the citations of works by Petrić in the German articles in the AHCI data (♦ Nova de universis philosophia: 4, ♦ Della historia: 3, ♦ Della retorica: 3, ♦ L'amorosa filosofia, Della poetica, De rerum natura, Discussiones peripateticæ, Nuova geometria, De rerum natura: 1 each).
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[22] Cf. Petrić's own words: "…dona all'anime ragioneuoli due ali; con le quali, esse possin uolare in quella parte che piu loro aggrada." (Lettura supra il sonetto del Petrarca La gola e'l sonno in: Frane Petrić: La Citta Felice …, Venetia [Giovan. Griffio] 1563, f. 59r)
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[23] Again: at least according to the data used here … .
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[24] The table is ordered by descending number of copies.
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